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7th International Conference on Hypertension & Healthcare, will be organized around the theme “Exploring the new horizons to cure Hypertension & Cardiac diseases”

Hypertension Meeting 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Hypertension Meeting 2019

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Hypertension, also called high blood pressure is a long term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is frequently elevated. High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms.  Long term high blood pressure is a main risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease. It is classified as either primary (essential) high blood pressure or secondary high blood pressure. About 90–95% of cases are primary hypertension, caused due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors.

Lifestyle factors that increase the risk constitute excess salt, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol. The rest 5–10% of cases is labelled as secondary hypertension, defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause, like chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the kidney arteries, a hormone-related disorder, or the use of birth control pills. Blood pressure is calculated by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic blood pressures, these are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively. At rest, normal blood pressure is within the range of 100–140 mm of mercury (mmHg) during systole and 60–90 mmHg diastole.

  • Track 1-1Secondary hypertension
  • Track 1-2Hypertension rheumatoid arthritis
  • Track 1-3Oncology and blood pressure
  • Track 1-4Genetic factors of hypertension
  • Track 1-5Life style of high blood pressure
  • Track 1-6

Renovascular hypertension (RVHT) reflects the causal relation between anatomically evident arterial occlusive disease and elevated blood pressure. The coexistence of renal arterial vascular disease and hypertension roughly defines this type of nonessential hypertension. More specific diagnoses are made retrospectively when hypertension improves after intravascular intervention.  At present, no sufficiently accurate, non-invasiveradiologic, or serologic screening test is available that, if negative, completely excludes the presence of renal artery stenosis (RAS).

This session mainly accounts for the assorted causes and symptoms of reno vascular high blood pressure, alongside of its pathological process, diagnosis and treatment. High pressure is dangerous partially as a result of the patients usually don't expertise the symptoms, thus organ injury will occur slowly while not being recognized. Varied techniques are developed to diagnose excretory organ high blood pressure victimization digital image process of radiographs.

  • Track 2-1Indications and symptoms of renal hypertension
  • Track 2-2Pathogenesis of renal hypertension.
  • Track 2-3Diagnosis & treatment.
  • Track 2-4Risk factors for renal hypertension
  • Track 2-5Renal-artery angioplasty and stenting

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rise of blood pressure within the artery, vein, or respiratory organ capillaries, resulting in shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, leg swelling and different symptoms. This type of hypertension that affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of your heart, then it begins when tiny arteries in your lungs, called pulmonary arteries, and capillaries become narrowed, blocked or destroyed. This makes it harder for blood to flow through your lungs, and raises pressure within your lungs' arteries.

As the pressure builds, your heart's lower right chamber must work harder to pump blood through your lungs, eventually causing your cardiac muscle to weaken and eventually causing the heart muscle to fail. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension are serious conditions that become progressively worse and are sometimes fatal. This session mainly talks about the classification, signs, symptoms and treatments of the Pulmonary Hypertension. The various complications related to pulmonary hypertension are congestive heart failure, blood clotting, liver disease, Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, chronic bronchitis, HIV Associated Pulmonary Hypertension, and PH in Association with Sickle Cell Disease.

  • Track 3-1Sign, symptoms and causes of PH
  • Track 3-2Genetics and molecular pathology
  • Track 3-3Pulmonary embolism
  • Track 3-4Treatment and therapies
  • Track 3-5Asthma and allergy

Obesity has become an increasingly important medical problem in children and adolescents. Primary hypertension is detectable in children and adolescents and, as in adults, is associated with a positive family history of hypertension, obesity, and life-style factors. Among children and adolescents with primary hypertension; the presence of obesity was associated with marked LVH. Most childhood hypertension, particularly in preadolescents, is secondary to an underlying disorder. Renal parenchymal disease is the most common (60 to 70%) cause of hypertension. Adolescents usually have primary or essential hypertension, making up 85 to 95% of cases.

The investigations have showed that children in the highest quartile of BP had significantly narrower retinal arterioles than those with lower BP, suggesting that higher BP in childhood is associated with alteration in the microvasculature. There is even emerging evidence that cognitive function is adversely affected by elevated blood pressure in childhood. This session includes the epidemiology, incidence and pathophysiology of pediatric hypertension related with obesity, along with the cardiovascular risk factors, the onset of hypertension and obesity on children and the treatment and management of pediatric hypertension and obesity.

  • Track 4-1Epidemiology of obesity hypertension in children
  • Track 4-2Incidence of hypertension in childhood
  • Track 4-3Pathophysiology of paediatric hypertension & obesity
  • Track 4-4Cardiovascular risk factors & complications
  • Track 4-5Outcomes of childhood onset hypertension due to obesity
  • Track 4-6Treatment and management

Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of Pre-eclampsia in pregnancy. It is a temporary diagnosis for hypertensive pregnant women who do not meet criteria for preeclampsia or chronic hypertension (hypertension first detected before the 20th week of pregnancy). The diagnosis is changed to, Preeclampsia, if proteinuria or new signs of end-organ dysfunction develop and chronic (primary or secondary) hypertension, if blood pressure elevation persists ≥12 weeks postpartum.

The risk factors for Gestational hypertension comprise maternal causes like obesity, past history or adolescent pregnancy, multiple gestations, and family history. There is no specific treatment, but it is monitored closely to rapidly identify pre-eclampsia and its life-threatening complications. Drug treatment options are limited, as many antihypertensive drugs may negatively affect the foetus. During gestational hypertension a women must be offered an integrated package of care, covering admission to hospital, treatment, measurement of blood pressure, testing for proteinuria and blood tests.

  • Track 5-1Classification of pregnancy induced hypertension
  • Track 5-2Risk factors for gestational hypertension
  • Track 5-3Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
  • Track 5-4Pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia
  • Track 5-5Management of hypertension in pregnancy
  • Track 5-6Drug treatment of gestational hypertension
  • Track 5-7Long term cardiovascular sequelae of gestational hypertension

Hypertension can lead to many complications of Diabetes. Most people affected with Diabetes are more prone to suffer Hypertension. Diabetes damages the arteries and make them targets for hardening (also called as atherosclerosis) and if it is not treated then it may also cause blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure too. In this section of the main we discuss about various types of Diabetes, risk factors that are involved into it, controlling hypertension in patients with Diabetes and Treatment.

  • Track 6-1Classification of diabetes
  • Track 6-2Risk factors for diabetes
  • Track 6-3Treatment and therapies

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases under the heart includes blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others. Heart disease term is often used interchangeably with the cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered of heart disease. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.

Heart disease is the study of the effects of drugs on the entire cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. The various complications to related to diabetes are Cerebrovascular disease, Inflammatory, Hypertensive heart disease, Ischemic, Rheumatic heart disease, Acute heart failure and Heart transplantation

  • Track 7-1Hypertension and tachycardia
  • Track 7-2Structural heart disease
  • Track 7-3Transient ischemic attack
  • Track 7-4Risk factor for fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease
  • Track 7-5Cardiovascular medicine research
  • Track 7-6New theories of diagnosis of the blood vessels
  • Track 7-7Cardiometabolic diseases management
  • Track 7-8Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Track 7-9Cardiac catheterizations, and electrophysiology studies

Stressful situations can lead the blood to spike up temporarily but sometimes it may cause high blood pressure too. Research is still in progress to find out about it. According to some reports the change in the blood pressure behaviour can be due to various habits like overeating, drinking or poor sleeping. It’s possible that health conditions related to stress like anxiety, depression and isolation from friends and family may lead to a heart disease but not to a high blood pressure condition. Some hormonal changes may damage your arteries leading towards heart disease.

Hypertension refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. Obesity increases the chances of cardiovascular disease. The individual session in this focuses on obesity-related , its interaction with the outcomes of hypertension, risk factors, treatment and management of cardiovascular disease. Obesity-associated arterial hypertension is characterized by activation of the sympathetic system, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and sodium retention, among different abnormalities. It's calculable that excess weight, accounted for about twenty sixth of cases of cardiovascular disease in men and twenty eighth in ladies, and for about twenty third of cases of coronary cardiovascular disease in men and 15 % in ladies.  

  • Track 8-1Incidence of hypertension and obesity
  • Track 8-2Pathophysiology of obesity-related hypertension
  • Track 8-3Interaction of obesity with consequences of hypertension
  • Track 8-4Prevention & management of weight gain and hypertension
  • Track 8-5Therapies to treat obesity-related hypertension

High Blood Pressure has many causative factors such as age, race, family history, obesity, not being physically active, consuming tobacco, too much salt (sodium) in diet, too little potassium and vitamin D in diet, drinking too much alcohol, stress and certain chronic conditionsThere are general risk factors that can be responsible for raising anyone's risk of hypertension. Although high blood pressure is most common in adults, children may be at risk, too. For some children, high blood pressure is caused by problems with the kidneys or heart. But for a growing number of kids, poor lifestyle habits, such as an unhealthy diet, obesity and lack of exercise, contribute to high blood pressure. Sometimes pregnancy contributes to high blood pressure, as well. Certain diseases and medications are specific causes of high blood pressure. 

Cardiovascular disease represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries, and hypertension-related cardiovascular events or hypertensive emergencies affect about 37 million people per year, worldwide. In this perspective, hypertensive patients are at increased risk to experience cardiovascular events during life-long period, and treatment of high blood pressure represents one of the most effective strategies to reduce global cardiovascular risk.

  • Track 9-1Controllable risk factors
  • Track 9-2Uncontrollable risk factors
  • Track 9-3Medical risk factors
  • Track 9-4Other factors

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the leading risk factor associated with death in the world but is largely asymptomatic and often undetected in patients. Hypertension is typically asymptomatic and only detected through opportunistic screening. Symptoms only manifest when blood pressure reaches very high levels (usually >200 mmHg systolic), and can include headache, dizziness and nose bleeding. It is usually diagnosed when a patient’s blood pressure is repeatedly found to be 140/90 mmHg or higher in a clinical setting and average readings taken using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or monitoring at home are higher than 135/85 mmHg. Once hypertension has been diagnosed, further tests should be conducted, including urine testing, blood tests, an eye examination and a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG).Primary hypertension, in which no specific cause is found, affects 95% of patients.

Blood pressure is determined by the cardiac output balanced against systemic vascular resistance. The process of maintaining blood pressure is complex, and involves numerous physiological mechanisms, including arterial baroreceptors, the reninangiotensinaldosterone system, atrial natriuretic peptide, endothelins, and mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid steroids

  • Track 10-1Hypertension differential diagnosis
  • Track 10-2Differential diagnosis I: Primary hypertension
  • Track 10-3Differential diagnosis I: Primary hypertension
  • Track 10-4Differential diagnosis III: Complicated hypertension

Medications to treat high blood pressure includes Thiazide diuretics, Beta blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors,  Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs),  Calcium channel blockers and Renin inhibitors. Additional medication sometimes used to treat high blood pressure comprises Alpha blockers, Alpha-beta blockers, Central-acting agents, Vasodilators and Aldosterone antagonists.

No matter what medications a doctor prescribes to treat high blood pressure, lifestyle changes are required to lower blood pressure. Eating a healthier diet with less, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, limiting the amount of alcohol, maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight must be followed up to control high blood pressure. 

  • Track 11-1Medications to treat high blood pressure
  • Track 11-2Lifestyle changes to treat high blood pressure
  • Track 11-3Complementary and alternative treatment for hypertension
  • Track 11-4Pharmacological management of hypertension
  • Track 11-5Follow-up care for hypertension

Nursing service administration is a coordinated activity, which provides all the facilities necessary for the rendering of nursing service to clients. Nursing service administration is the system of activities directed toward the nursing care of clients, and includes Nursing Leadership and Management the establishment of over-all goals and policies within the aims of the health agency and provision of organization, personnel, and facilities to accomplish this goals in the most effective and economical manner through cooperative efforts of all members of the staff, coordinating the service with other departments of the institution.

Nursing service administration is the provision for continuous individual, group and community service, including whatever is necessary. In addressing the factors, which determine health, and to bring them back to self-directive activity towards their own health. The subsidiary objectives of this role are the professional activities of administration, including human relations, communications, teaching, research, and personal development, designed to further the primary objective-the optimum nursing care of patients. In this lecture note management and administration are used interchangeably. Threshold for Initiation of Treatment and Target Values, Assessment and Development of a Lifestyle Treatment plans are the major criteria for nursing management.

  • Track 12-1Opportunity to assess BP detection
  • Track 12-2Educate clients on their target BP
  • Track 12-3Importance of achieving and maintaining target
  • Track 12-4Frequent error in clinic-based BP assessment
  • Track 12-5Patient preparation and posture
  • Track 12-6Recommended technique for measuring blood pressure
  • Track 12-7Threshold for initiation of treatment and target values

Hypertension is a powerful risk factor for fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease events. Data from observational studies indicate that this risk is continuous, without evidence of a threshold, down to blood pressures as low as 115/75 mm Hg. Randomized controlled trials have convincingly shown that treatment of hypertension reduces the risk of stroke, coronary heart diseasecongestive heart failure, and mortality. Various studies of hypertension control have been performed in a variety of epidemiological and practice settings. 

Despite the recognition that diabetic persons are at especially high risk of cardiovascular disease, studies suggest that hypertension is as poorly controlled in diabetic persons as it is in non-diabetics. Chronic kidney disease represents another comorbidity associated with both difficult blood pressure control and high cardiovascular risk. Various patient characteristics have been associated with uncontrolled hypertension, including age, obesity, and lack of exercise. These characteristics are risk factors for hypertension itself and presumably contribute directly to difficult blood pressure control.

  • Track 13-1Hypertension incidence
  • Track 13-2Hypertension in adults
  • Track 13-3Hypertension in children
  • Track 13-4Healthcare costs for hypertension

An echocardiogram called an echo is a type of ultrasound test that uses high pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called transducers. This device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bound off the different parts of your heart and these echoes are turned into moving pictures of your heart that can been seen on a video screen. Echocardiography uses usual two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart. It is one of the most generally used diagnostic tests in cardiology and it can provide wealth information regarding size and shape of heart. Echocardiography is performed by cardiac sonographers, cardiac physiologists, or physicians trained in echocardiography.

Cardiac imaging is visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including Endoscopy, Radionuclide imaging, and Magnetic Resonance imaging, Tomography or Ultrasonography. Non-invasive cardiac imaging refers to a combination of methods that can be used to obtain images related to the structure and function of the heart. For invasive technique catheters are used to insert into the heart and this test is easy to perform and safe to detect various heart conditions .As a result of technological advances the number of available non-invasive cardiac tests that physicians can order has increased substantially over the last decade.

  • Track 14-1Strain echocardiography
  • Track 14-2Focused cardiac ultrasound
  • Track 14-3Transthoracic echocardiography
  • Track 14-4Doppler echocardiography
  • Track 14-5Cardiovascular magnetic resonance/cardiac MRI
  • Track 14-6Cardiac imaging in congenital heart diseases
  • Track 14-7Cardiac angiography
  • Track 14-8Cardiac angiography

Cardiac medicines are taken to help keep the symptoms under control or to prevent or treat a heart condition. Most medications need to be taken regularly; however, some will need to be taken when you experience a symptom such as angina. You should always follow your doctor’s instructions. Reduction Therapy Devices externally stimulate carotid baroreceptors, which are located within the carotid sinus in the neck, using our hand-held therapy device with our patented cold tip. Cold temperature stimulation of the baroreceptors, at a precise temperature and duration, results in modulating the autonomic nervous system, stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system, and lowering the sympathetic drive, causing vasodilation and lowering of the heart rate. The sum of these actions results in immediate lowering of blood pressure.

The fundamental goal of treatment should be the prevention of the important endpoints of hypertension, such as heart attack, stroke and heart failure. Patient age, associated clinical conditions and end-organ damage also play a part in determining dosage and type of medication administered. The several classes of antihypertensive differ in side effect profiles, ability to prevent endpoints, and cost. The choice of more expensive agents, where cheaper ones would be equally effective, may have negative impacts on national healthcare budgets. As of 2018, the best available evidence favours the thiazide diuretics as the first-line treatment of choice for high blood pressure when drugs are necessary.

  • Track 15-1Blood pressure measuring devices
  • Track 15-2Beta Blockers
  • Track 15-3Anticoagulants
  • Track 15-4Baroreflex activation therapy
  • Track 15-5Substantial placebo effect of device therapy
  • Track 15-6Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Track 15-7Transdermal therapy of hypertension
  • Track 15-8Baroreceptor activation therapy
  • Track 15-9Novel non-pharmacological approaches
  • Track 15-10Cholesterol-lowering drugs

Sports Cardiology achieves heart screenings that detect potentially serious cardiovascular issues in young athletes. Sudden cardiac arrest(SCA) is the major reason of death in exercising young athletes, and is most commonly set off by problems— as structural heart disorders or electrical circuitry issues—which are not commonly found during routine physical examinations. Most of the conditions that cause sudden cardiac death in young athletes are evaluated by an electrocardiogram(ECG or EKG), a non-invasive test which calculates the electrical activity of the heart.

Athletes with authorized cardiovascular disease or those at risk have particular goals and objectives in mind. They want to continue to play their sport and be very safe. The main aim of the Sports Cardiology Center is to work with any athlete forth the spectrum - professional athletes, recreational exercisers, to weekend warriors to help them reach these goals.

  • Track 16-1Cardiovascular assessment
  • Track 16-2Sports and cardiovascular disease
  • Track 16-3Cardiovascular epidemiology & population science
  • Track 16-4Frequency and causes of SCA in young athletes
  • Track 16-5Improving ECG interpretation in athletes
  • Track 16-6Patient-centered counselling
  • Track 16-7Accurate diagnosis and treatment plans
  • Track 16-8Sudden cardiac death in sports

Traditional medicine originated and has evolved over thousands of years. Traditional Medicine is a system of primary health care that includes acupuncture Chinese herbal medicine, remedial massage, exercise and breathing therapy and diet and lifestyle advice. In Australia, the most popular forms of TCM health care are acupuncture and Herbal Medicine. It has an uninterrupted history of development in China and other parts of East Asia dating back thousands of years.   

  • Track 17-1Traditional midwifery
  • Track 17-2Traditional African medicine
  • Track 17-3Traditional Korean medicine acupuncture
  • Track 17-4Traditional Chinese medicine
  • Track 17-5Islamic medicine
  • Track 17-6Ancient Iranian medicine
  • Track 17-7Siddha medicine
  • Track 17-8Traditional medicine today: clinical and research issues
  • Track 17-9Challenges and future directions of traditional medicine
  • Track 17-10Traditional pharmaceuticals and biologic products
  • Track 17-11Herbalism

Family medicine is a restorative strength focused on board social protection for individuals of all ages; the expert is named a family doctor, family specialist, or once in the past family proficient. It is a segment of primary healthcare that provides proceeding with and thorough medicinal services for the individual and family over all ages, genders, Migrant Health Infectious diseases, and parts of the body. As stated by the World Organization of Family Doctors, the purpose of family medication is to give individual, comprehensive, and proceeding with look after the person in the connection of the family and the community. The issues of qualities hidden this practice are normally known as primary care ethics. Of the primary care (family pharmaceutical, general inside medication, and paediatrics), family doctors give the most care, overseeing about one-fourth of all primary care visits including Cancer Research, Cardiology diseases, Dental Healthcare, Diabetes and Obesity, Skin Healthcare, HIV-AIDS Healthcare. 

Family physicians coordinate the natural, clinical, and behavioural sciences to give proceeding with and comprehensive health care. Unlike paediatricians, who basically offer thought to children, and internists, who simply offer thought to adults, family medication incorporates all ages, genders, every organ framework, and every disease entity. Family doctors moreover give vigilant thought to their patients' within the context of family and the group

  • Track 18-1Family physician
  • Track 18-2Surgery in general healthcare
  • Track 18-3Community medicine
  • Track 18-4Family primary healthcare

To fully appreciate the complexity and challenges in interpreting hypertension trials, it is informative to review their evolution. The prospective, randomized, clinical trial has been the foundation for evaluating the effectiveness of blood pressure-lowering drugs. The duration of clinical trials rarely exceeds five years, and trials focus on so-called “hard end points”—notably, all-cause mortality and/or cause specific morbidity and mortality due to CVD, usually coronary heart disease (CHD) and/or stroke, but more recently heart failure (HF) as well.

The early clinical trials had the advantage of being able to compare active therapywith placebo and usually included patients with more severe hypertension, as compared with modern trials. Consequently, they generated more end points and had sufficient power to be conducted on a smaller scale than modern trials high blood pressure is often called a "silent disease" because people usually don't know they have it; there may be no outward symptoms or a sign, so monitoring the blood pressure is critical. Treating high blood pressure can take a multi-pronged approach including diet changes, medication, and exercise. Hypertension treatment comes in many forms -- from lifestyle changes to medication.

  • Track 19-1Integrating lifestyle advice into clinical management
  • Track 19-2Meta-analysis of blood pressure-lowering drug trials
  • Track 19-3Reporting blood pressure parameters in clinical trails
  • Track 19-4Surrogate or intermediate disease markers
  • Track 19-5Primary biliary cirrhosis